Training Terms

Japanese English
Kara te Empty (or Chinese) Hand
Sensei Teacher
Dojo Training Hall
Gi Training Uniform
Mokusoo Meditation
Mawatte 180° Turn
Yoi Ready
Jodan Upper level target (head)
Chudan Mid level target (stomach)
Gedan Low level target (groin)
Hidari Left
Migi Right
Shizen Tai Natural position
Hajime Begin
Yame Finish, return to Yoi
Kata Form
Sanbon Tsuki 3 Consecutive Punches
Gohon Kumite 5 Step Sparring
Ippon Kumite Basic one attack sparring
Tanden Navel
Hara Body Centre, source of Ki
Kihon Basic Technique
Yoko Side
Kumite Sparring
Tameshi Wara Test of Technique
Otoshi Downward
Ji Yu Kumite Free Sparring
Makiwara Striking Board
Nage Throw
Zanshin Correct Mental Attitude